Pomeranian Dog Breed: Characteristics, Facts, and Names

Want a little toy dog? Get a Pomeranian! Pomeranians are little toy dogs with huge personalities. While lively, friendly and fun, they can be slightly territorial as well. Pomeranians, though small, can really be loud on the barks when a stranger approaches the house and that is why it is a good choice for elderly couples

Pomeranian Dog Breed Overview

Pomeranian dog breed overview

Group: Toy group
Size: 3-7 pounds
Lifespan: 12-16 years
Best Suited For: Singles
Temperament: Alert, Headstrong, aggressive
Exercise Needs: Moderate
Drooling Potential: Low
Grooming Needs: High
Similar Breeds: German Spitz, Keeshond, Volpino Italiano, Japanese Spitz, American Eskimo Dog

1. Basic Features

pomeranian on a bench

Pomeranians come in a variety of colors ranging from extreme black to white, brown and red. They are very easily recognizable because of their features and they often look like a fox as well. Being friendly dogs, they adjust well with families but can often act aggressively too. They are very tiny and can camouflage themselves under blankets quite easily.

 2. Pomeranian Origin

As far as its known, they are known to have come from a city, Pomerania in Germany in the 1800s. Although, originally being a large sized dog, they eventually were bred to be smaller sized dogs with Queen Victoria taking a liking to this breed. They were also sled dogs of Lapland and Iceland and in the 1900s, they came to the U.S.A.

3. The Personality of a Pomeranian

brown pomeranian

Pomeranian’s can be obstinate and impatient most of the times. Since they tend to bark a lot for no reason, the owner must keep a firm check on this right from the beginning. They’re also known to be quite friendly with other dogs and humans and can live up to 15 years of age if taken good care of. They are also extremely active and intelligent so they make good watchdogs as well.

4. Pomeranian Behaviour

Many Pomeranian’s are headstrong and can be very possessive of their owners. Early house training is vital for them as many habits of their’s could become a potential problem later on. They are also known to be very friendly with everyone usually and extremely curious in nature.

5. Exercise Requirements

pomeranian running

Pomeranian’s are very active because of their small size. A good half an hour walk is necessary for them every day. One must play regular games like chase- the- ball or catch-a-toy with them to keep up with their energy level. Taking them to dog parks and making them meet other dogs of their kind is also beneficial as they can be a little nasty.

6. Diet Needs

Raw meat like chicken liver, kidney, fish, starches such as rice along with vegetables of all kinds is very nutritious for a Pomeranian.

Proteins should make up for most of their diet since they burn most of their calories by being so active.

They should obviously avoid chocolates along with raisins, grapes, and garlic. Raw bones should also be avoided because they have small teeth. Pomeranian’s are also prone to becoming hypoglycemic, a blood sugar problem that many toy dogs are susceptible to if not fed enough.

7. Trainability

Pomeranian’s begin learning tricks as young as a month old so the first and foremost training activity that is essential for them is to learn to respect their owner.

If one does not train their dog well, this breed can develop strong behavioral issues.

One must also train them to be quiet on command and not bark at all times. Owners can keep this breed easily occupied with balls and chew toys so as to not let them bark quite often.

8. Common Health Problems

Even though the Pomeranian is a healthy breed yet they are equally prone to developing health issues just like other dogs. Since they have a small mouth and jaw, problems like tartar or plaque could get built up when food gets trapped in between their teeth. A coat loss condition sometimes referred to as Severe Hair Loss Syndrome can affect this breed as well. So one must regularly brush them. Luxating patella is another common health concern that comes up in this breed. The knee joint is affected and this condition can occur due to a malformation of the bone from an injury when the kneecap slips out of place.

9. Who Should Adopt a Pomeranian?

pomeranian on a sofa

Families with babies should ideally not adopt a Pomeranian because they could be reckless with children at times. Although, they are ideal for elderly couples.